Can women, truly be prophetesses, leaders and judges? can they, choose leaders of armies, and achieve victories? can they be a great example for all men? How?
(Now Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lapidoth, was judging Israel at that time.) (JUDGES 4:4)
So, now God is working through a woman or as Saint Ambrosius is saying, a widower, to support all men and women, married, singles and virgins so that, each one has his role in the holy life of the group.
Saint Ambrosius says, Deborah has showed that, the widower is not in a need for a man, and that she can put on her shoulders achieving the obligations of men, then, she could already achieve more than what she has committed with.
While as, the judges were judging Israel, Behold, they could not find who can judge them with manhood power, and the wars have been stopped, they chose Deborah to judge them.
Thus, a widower has judged thousands of men in the time of peace and defended them in the time of war. There were many judges judged Israel before, but there were no women judges, and I think that her work as a judge has been recorded and her doings have been described till, women never stop, brave doings reasoned for the weakness of their gender.
A widower judged people, leaded armies, chose leaders insisted on fighting and got victories. so, it is not the gender but the courage that, can make the power.
(Then she sent and called for Barak the son of Abinoam from Kadesh and said to him, “Has not the Lord God of Israel commanded ‘Go and deploy troops at Mount Tabor and against you I will deploy Sisera, the commander of Jabin’s army, with his chariots and his multitude at the river Kishon; and I will deliver him into your hand’?”) (JUDGES 4:6,7)
Saint Ambrosius sees to Barak as, a symbol for the Jews, who fought by the teachings of the prophets, whose were about, salvation, but the victorious was not him but Jael; the woman of the nations as a symbol of the church that has members from nations.
(Then Jael took a tent peg and took a hammer in her hand, and drove the peg into his temple, and it went down into, the ground. So, he died.) (JUDGES 4:21)
The Song of Deborah
(Then Deborah and Barak the son of Abinoam song on that day, saying: “When leaders lead in Israel, when the people willingly offer themselves, Bless the Lord!) (JUDGES 5:1-2)
In the narrow the man usually shouts asking for salvation but in the times of joyfulness he rarely returns back to God with thanking and praising.
Behold, the Lord made salvation for his people by Deborah and Barak, she ran out praising God with Barak. She leaded women for such angelic work while as to Barak, he leaded men.
(“Hear, O kings! Give ear, O princes! I, even I, will sing to the Lord; I will sing praise to the Lord God of Israel.) (JUDGES 5:3)
Since, there were no kings for Israel, at that time, then the invitation here is for the kings of the pagan nations which were allied with Jabin the king of Canaanites to meditate in the workings of the living God so that, it returns from worshipping the laying gods and fear, the true one.
Deborah praised and said I twice, and Saint Augustin says, number two refers to the love that makes the two, just one, so, the enabled church upon praising is doing so as an attribute of its love that its worship cannot be accepted without.
(“Thus let all your enemies perish, O Lord! But let those who love Him be like the sun when it comes out in full strength.) (JUDGES 5:31)
Thus, those who love Him, refers to the people of God that God broke their enemy, Satan and destroyed him then, the church has risen like the sun increasing in glory, luminous and temperature.
Tawfik, S. (2023). Deborah, the great widowed prophetess. www.orthodox-beliefs.com
Source is THE HOLY BIBLE NKJV. Arabic New van Dyck text C. The Bible Society of Egypt. Fifth Edition Third print2019. ISBN 978-1-84364-188-9. Printed in China.
Reference: – Book of Judges for the Egyptian Fathe Priest Tadros Jakob Malti printed in Arabic.