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Who’s the author of Ecclesiastes, what does it mean? What does the Bible say in it, and what are its main points? is the world really invalid? why? how? what’s the real hope to us in it? How could we live a successful balanced life?


Ecclesiastes: the address of the book is derived from the Greek word Ecclesia meaning a church or a synagogue or meeting and it is a translation of the Hebrew word Qoheleth.

There’s a common belief that the author of Ecclesiastes is Solomon. And the objective of this book is figuring out the invalidation of the timely life as being short, and vaporizing ended with death for all the wise and the fool, for man and animals.

And those who read this book deeply can realize that the objective is not aversion from such life of fun and pain but holding on God, the Creator of the world and his real procurer.

It is generally addressed to the youth from teenage till 35th of age.

Song of Solomon was written when the heart of Solomon was open to God. The Proverbs was written when he was in his glorious greatness before committing mistakes, as to Ecclesiastes, it was written in his old age as a living and a practical testimony expressing his deep and true repentance.

The Vanity of the World without God

(“Vanity of vanities, all is vanity.” What profit has a man from all his labor to which he toils under the sun?) (ECCLESIASTES1:2-3)

The author asserted in many places that all within the world is fit and useful as being a gift of God but the abuse of it would make it invalid.

So, he does not want to push us to be desperate rather, he does not want us to be consumed in the timely matters without being linked with God really.

As for the means to an end of the vanity of the world is to train the heart not to hate the world but to love the heavens and enjoying with God as being the Eternal and the Real Saturator for the soul.  

“All things are full of labor; man cannot express it. The eye is not satisfied with seeing, Nor the ear filled with hearing.” (ECCLESIASTES1:8)

How could we expect saturating the soul, that is in the image of God with the vanity material matters full of exhausting?! If nature with all its possibilities cannot saturate our senses, then how could it saturate our internal. 

“There is no remembrance of former things, nor will there be any remembrance of things that are to come by those who will come after.” (ECCLESIASTES1:11)

Man lives eager to be remembered but the world forget the former as to us we may be forgotten by the generations coming after. 

“And I set my heart to know wisdom and to know madness and folly. I perceived that this also is grasping for the wind.” (ECCLESIASTES1:11) 

Here, we should distinguish between depending on the humane wisdom and experience and sanctification the humane thinking and experience in, God.

Titus Flavius Clemens says, “No animosity between faith and philosophy, the latter is not a work of darkness rather it carries the partial truth, but it needs purification through the doing of the faith.”

“I said in my heart, “Come now, I will test you with mirth; therefore, enjoy pleasure”. But surely this also was vanity.” (ECCLESIASTES2:1)

Lots of people may think that happiness lying in fun, mirth and luxury life but the real internal joyfulness lays in the food of the soul carrying the joyful Kingdom of God.

“Nothing is better for a man than that he should eat and drink and that his soul should enjoy good in his labor.” (ECCLESIASTES2:24)

This does not mean, let’s eat and drink for that we will die rather, let’s eat and drink and work thanking God who gives us this possibility.

“To everything there’s a season, a time for every purpose under heaven.” (ECCLESIASTES3:1)

Our lives are planned according to a systematic timetable, achieving purposes of God at the suitable time. So, we should do our duty honestly and preparing for future figuring out God’s plan toward us.

The history of the world and of your life in particular with all of its tinies is a group of circles God organizes. 

“A time to love, and a time to hate; a time of war and a time of peace.” (ECCLESIASTES3:8)

“He has made everything beautiful in its time. Also, He has put eternity in their hearts, except that no one can find out the work that God does from beginning to end.” (ECCLESIASTES3:11)

“Moreover, I saw under the sun. In the place of judgement. Wickedness was there; and in the place of righteousness, Inequity was there.” (ECCLESIASTES3:16)

God is good and made everything well, but what made the corruption of the world was not from nature of the world but through the oppression of man to his brother man.

“Again, I saw that for all toil and every skillful work a man is envied by his neighbor.” (ECCLESIASTES4:4)

What man thinks at, as success comparing it with others envying them is vanity.

Practical Application

“Walk prudently when you go to the house of God; and walk near to hear rather than to give the sacrifice of fool, for they do not know that they do evil.” (ECCLESIASTES5:1)

God created the world good till the earth be much like the house of God in which God meets people in love, praising and joyfulness. But the sin entered the world to invalid it.

That made God make his house to be eternal sky icon people can resort to still being in the world till God carry their hearts and feelings to over such visible world.

“A fool ‘s voice is known by his many words.” (ECCLESIASTES5:3)

“If you see the oppression of the poor and the violent perversion of justice and righteousness in a province, do not marvel at the matter; for high official watches over high official and higher officials are over them.” (ECCLESIASTES5:8)

Hopefully, we should not marvel when seeing oppression spreads all over the world since in adverse there’s an attributable celestial view for God who is higher than each throne and each authority definitely achieves His justice at the suitable time, caring for the oppressed.  

“He who loves silver will not be satisfied with silver; Nor he who loves abundance, with increase. This also is vanity.” (ECCLESIASTES5:10)

He who clings with God profits much, but he who clings with love of money is expanding himself as hell.

“A good name is better than precious ointment and the day of death than the day of one’s birth.” (ECCLESIASTES7:1)

Good reputation is better than richness since the fool whether treasures money till he and his family benefits nothing or lives a luxury life living in irreverence.

But the wise lives in balance knowing how to use the world without being slaved for it.

“Better to go to the house of morning than to go to the house of feasting, for that is the end of all men; and the living will take it to heart.” (ECCLESIASTES7:2)

“A means to an end of the funeral prayers is to condole the lovers of the dead and opening the celestial doors before their hearts till their souls be glorified.”

“It is better to hear the rebuke of the wise than for a man to hear the song of fools.” (ECCLESIASTES7:5)

Serious man in his life feels joyfulness with a sincere wise rebuke and do not cheer by song of fools or their beautiful words.

“Do not hasten in your spirit to be angry, for anger rests in the bosom of fools.” (ECCLESIASTES7:9)

We should get rid of the poisonous anger because it may kill our souls.

“Do not say, “Why were the former days better than these?” For you do not inquire wisely concerning this.” (ECCLESIASTES7:10)

We better should learn from the past thanking God for it asking for his help at the presence.

“There’s a just man who perishes in his righteousness and there’s a wicked man who prolongs life in his wickedness.” (ECCLESIASTES7:15)

The righteous perhaps dies young for that he became a good yield to be picked up by God for that it may not corrupt after and the wicked may live long until they become mighty for that God may give them repentance or permit for their evil cup to be replenished.

“Do not be overly righteous, nor be overly wise: why should you destroy yourself?” (ECCLESIASTES7:16)

Do not be excessive nor an extremist but move in righteousness in vision, wisdom and distinction.

We better should balance between our purification and our body power by our just conscience judgement.

“Also do not take to heart everything people say, lest you hear your servant cursing you.” (ECCLESIASTES7:21)

Who walks in righteousness, should not be busy by the words of others lest he deviates in his righteousness asking satisfaction of them.

“For many times, also, your own heart has known that even you have cursed others.” (ECCLESIASTES7:22)

“Who is like a wise man? And who knows the interpretation of a thing? A man’s wisdom makes his face shine, and the sternness of his face is changed.” (ECCLESIASTES8:1)

By wisdom man can recognize on the plan of God to his life and can figure out why God gives wideness and permits for narrowing.

What beautiful is the knowledge acquired by practical experience and continuing training under the leadership of God! What strength in this! 

“Because the sentence against an evil work is not executed speedily, therefore the heart of the sons of men is fully set in them to do evil.” (ECCLESIASTES8:11)

God may slow in revenge, but it is definitely executed in conclusiveness because some men perhaps, misunderstand the patience of God!

“Though a sinner does evil a hundred times and his days are prolonged, yet I surely know that it will be well with those who fear God, who fear before Him.” (ECCLESIASTES8:12)

“But it will not be well with the wicked.” (ECCLESIASTES8:13)

“One event happens to the righteous and the wicked: to the Good, the clean and the unclean. As is the good, so is the sinner, he who takes an oath as he who fears an oath.” (ECCLESIASTES9:2)

In fact, as to the righteous, he acknowledges his life is in the hand of God, but as to the norm this is a difficult belief because of the great similarity between the events and circumstances of both.

“But for him who is joined to all the living there is hope, for a living dog is better than a dead lion.” (ECCLESIASTES9:4)

The living man has a hope for repentance, but the dead lost his chance!

If man became unclean till called to as a dog reasoned by his sins and weaknesses, he may own a new life by the spirit of humbleness, becoming better than he who feels pride of his self-righteousness counting himself a lion because his pride made himself dead. 

“Go, eat your bread with joy, and drink your wine with a merry heart; for God has already accepted your works.” (ECCLESIASTES9:7)

“Truly the light is sweet, and it is pleasant for the eyes to behold the sun.” (ECCLESIASTES11:7)

We better should struggle with the spirit of love early to begin our life with God in youth.

“But if a man lives many years and rejoices in them all.” (ECCLESIASTES11:8)

“Rejoice, O young man, in your youth, and let your heart cheer in the days of your youth.” (ECCLESIASTES11:9)

The young man hates sadness, also, God in his love for a man wants the life of internal rejoice to him as a food the soul is fed by, and it can renew its youth.

“Therefore, remove sorrow from your heart, and put away evil from your flesh.” (ECCLESIASTES11:10)

Let’s quit, evil to escape, sorrow.

“Remember now your Creator in the days of your youth, before the difficult days come, and the years draw near when you say, “I have no pleasure in them.”: “ECCLESIASTES.12:1.”

Man should better be related to God since his youth not to be deceived by vanities nor confused by sorrows.

Man loses lots of his energy in his old age even though he wanted to repent he does not carry the possibility and struggle of the work of a young man nor enjoying the beautiful early spiritual life.

“Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter: Fear God and keep his commandment, for this is man’s all.” (ECCLESIASTES12:13)

“For God will bring every work into judgement, including every secret thing. Whether good or evil.” (ECCLESIASTES12:14)

The treatment is through clinging with God through righteousness to gain our life in Him, enjoying his commandment and waiting for a glorious eternal life instead of a removable vanity one!

Tawfik, S. The Ecclesiastes’ awe-inspiring wisdom. (2023). www.orthodox-beliefs.com
Source is HOLY BIBLE NKJV. Arabic New van Dyck text C. The Bible Society of Egypt. Fifth Edition Third print2019.ISBN 978-1-84364-188-9. Printed in China.

Reference is Father Priest Tadros Jacob Malti, the Ecclesiastes, Egypt, Abba Rewis Print.

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