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Why has the Lord chosen David to be the King of His people? How could Samuel do so? how his father reacted to so? what are the important lessons to all of us regarding, such great event? How could David, the young man defeats great Goliath? what were the points of power and weakness in both of them? what are the important symbols and lessons we should learn and know?

David Anointed King

(Fill your horn with oil, and go, I am sending you to Jesse the Bethlehemite. For I have provided Myself a king among his sons.) (1SAMUEL 16:1)

(So, Samuel did what the Lord said, so, it was when they came, that he looked at Eliab and said, “Surely the Lord ‘s anointed is before Him!” But the Lord said to Samuel, “Do not look at his appearance or at his physical stature, because I have refused him, For the Lord does not see as man sees, for man looks at the outward appearance, but the Lord looks at the heart.”) (1SAMUEL 16:4,6,7)

(Thus, Jesse made seven of his sons pass before Samuel. And Samuel said to Jesse. “The Lord has not chosen these.”, “Are all the young men here? Then he said, “There remains yet the youngest, and there he is, keeping the cheap.”) (1SAMUEL 16:10,11)

(And Samuel said to Jesse, “Send and bring him. So, he sent and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, with bright eyes, and good-looking. And the Lord said, “Arise, anoint him, for he is the one!”) (1SAMUEL 16:11,12)

(Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers, and the Spirit of the Lord came upon David from that day forward.) (1SAMUEL 16:13)

Thus, God Himself chose David but, this should be done by the Priest carrying the oil.

God has seen what the people could not see, He saw in one of Jesse’s sons a blessed son devoted for Him to arise him as a king for his people.

God said to Samuel Do not look at the outward appearance so, God chose him for his internal purity and internal beauty. As Titus Flavius Clemens says, “He did not anoint who was handsome in his stature but who was beautiful in his soul.”

Between the looking to the eyes and at the heart, the man lives learning from his mistakes since, he is deceived in the outward appearance to find out that the essence is different. Sometimes we think that someone is a good person, and we find out, we were wrong. other times we condemn others to find out, they were saints.

We also should examine ourselves, according to its degree of purity not as others may think or say. 

Seven times God refuses but at the eighth He agrees clarifying to all of us, that the seven denoting to the perfection in our world is not accepted but the eights denoting to the eternal life is the real thing.

Also, the stone refused by the builders; David, the smallest son whose attendance does not make any difference, it was him not only so, but also his father has forgotten him when Samuel asked, are these all the young men?

Such kind of treatment from the family to the youngest son is enough to hurt him with smallness of soul but the help of God and the encouragement of Samuel could compensate such feeling.

And from the moment David was anointed and the Spirit of the Lord came into him he was the real king in the eyes of the Lord, while Saul was the king in the eyes of the people. 

How many people go to the church and in our eyes, they are going to inherit God’s kingdom, but God looks differently to them.  

How could David’s brothers look at him, since he was anointed by oil while, he is not from the clan of Levi so, he would not be a priest. would he be a prophet or a king or both?!

How David behaved after the moment of his anointment? It’s most thoughtful that he returned back to his sheep looking after it, is praising and thanking the Lord by playing on his harp. Since now he is about fifteen years old and there are about another fifteen years are coming tell the promise of the Lord come true.

David and Goliath​

(And a champion went out from the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, from Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span. He had a bronze helmet on his head, and he was armed with a coat of mail and the weight of the coat was five thousand shekels of Bronze.) (1SAMUEL 17:4-5)

(And he had bronze armor on his legs and a bronze javelin between his shoulders.) (1SAMUEL 17:6)

(Now the staff of his spear was like a weaver’s beam and his iron spearhead weighed six hundred shekels, and a shield-bearer went before him.) (1SAMUEL 17:7)

(Then he stood and cried out to the armies of Israel, and said to them, “Why have you come out to line up for battle? Am I not a Philistine, and you the servants of Saul? Choose a man for yourselves and let him come down to me.) (1SAMUEL 17:8)

(If he is able to fight with me and kill me, then we will be your servants. But if I prevail against him and kill him, then you shall be our servants.) (1SAMUEL 17:9)

(And the Philistine said, “I defy the armies of Israel this day, give me a man, that we may fight together”) (1SAMUEL 17:10,11)

(Now Devid was the son of that Ephrathite of Bethlehem Juddah whose name was Jesse and who had eight sons.) (1SAMUEL 17:12)

(David was the youngest, and the three oldest followed Saul. But David occasionally went and returned from Saul to feed his father’s sheep at Bethlehem.) (1SAMUEL 17:14-15) 

(And the Philistine drew near and presented himself forty days, morning and evening.) (1SAMUEL 17:16)

The children of Israel stood for Forty days against their enemy denoting to the present life that the Christians continually fight their war against Goliath and his army: Satan and his demons. (Number 4 denoting to the four seasons of the year and number 10 refers to the complete time.)

(Then David said to Saul, “Let no man’s heart fail because of him; your servant will go and fight with this Philistine.”) (1SAMUEL 17:32)

It is impossible to us to overcome but for the Christ; real David come down with His stick which is the secret of the cross.

David came and found the people fight against the Philistine. It was no one dare to enter the battle himself. So, David; the symbol of the Christ in his own carried a stick in his hand against Goliath. In a reference to our Lord Jesus Christ, real David, who came and carried his cross to fight the spiritual Goliath, Satan.

(And Saul said to David, “You are not able to go against this Philistine to fight with him; for you are a youth and he a man of war from his youth.”) (1SAMUEL 17:33)

(But David said to Saul, “Your servant used to keep his father’s sheep and when a lion or a bear came and took a lamb out of the flock, I went after it and struck it, and delivered the lamb from its mouth; and when it arose against me, I caught it by its hand and struck and killed it.) (1SAMUEL 17:34-35)

(Your servant has killed both lion and bear and this uncircumcised Philistine will be like one of them, seeing he has defied the armies of the living God.) (1SAMUEL 17:36)

(David fastened his sword to the armor and tried to walk, for he had not tested them. And David said to Saul, “I cannot walk with these, for I have not tested them.” So, David took them off.) (1SAMUEL 17:39)

(Then he took his staff in his hand and he chose for himself five smooth stones from the brook and put them in the shepherd ‘s bag in a pouch which he had, and his sling was in his hand. And he drew near to, the Philistine.) (1SAMUEL 17:40)

(And when the Philistine looked about and saw David, he disdained him: for he was a youth, ruddy and good-looking.) (1SAMUEL 17:42)

(So, the Philistine said to David, “Am I a dog that you come to me with sticks?” And the Philistine cursed David by his gods. And the Philistine said to David, “Come to me, and I will give your flesh to the birds of the air and the beasts of the field.”) (1SAMUEL 17:43-44)

Hence, Goliath could not realize that not the sword nor the spear can defeat him, but it is just the sling of dogs.

(Then David said to the Philistine, “You come to me with a sword, with a spear and with a javelin, but I come to you in the name of the Lord of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have defied. This day the Lord will deliver you into my hand, and I will strike you and take your head from you.) (1SAMUEL 17:45-46)

The secret of the power of David was his disappearance in the Lord of hosts, since he is just a tool in the hand of God. so, the battle is between God and Satan. so, the victory comes from God Himself.

(So it was, when the Philistine arouse and came and drew near to meet David, that David hurried and ran toward the army to meet the Philistine. Then David put his hand in his bag and took a stone; and he slung it and struck the Philistine in his forehead, so that the stone sank into his forehead, and he fell on his face to the earth.) (1SAMUEL 17:48-49)

The two champions stood face to face, one is a man of war, mighty, strong, depending upon his humane power and previous experience and armed tools, the other is just a young man did not fight before only owns five smooth stones and a stick but having mighty faith by it he is sure to defeat his enemy. So, the combat happened for the first to be destroyed but for the latter to be glorified.

The secret behind the defeat of Goliath was his ignorance that he had a point of weakness, that it is his uncovered face, meaning, that any humane possibility whatsoever its power was, surely is having a hole leading to failure.

(So, David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and a stone and killed him. But there was no sword in the hand of David. Therefore, David ran and stood over the Philistine, took his sword and killed him and cut off his head with it.) (1 SAMUEL 17:50,51)

Killing David for Goliath without sword and using Goliath’s sword refers to that the Christ when coming will defeat Satan with his sword. Really, Satan with his cunning and oppression that he made against the Christ lost all his power against the believers of the Christ.

Tawfik, S. (2023). David the Great King. www.orthodox-beliefs.com
Source is THE HOLY BIBLE NKJV. Arabic New van Dyck text C. The Bible Society of Egypt. Fifth Edition Third print2019.ISBN 978-1-84364-188-9. Printed in China.

Reference: -1- Book of the life of David (the Prophet and the King) for the Egyptian Father Priest David Lamie Printed in Arabic.

Reference: -2- Book of First Samuel for the Egyptian father priest Tadros Jakob Malti

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